Particular Financial Zone (SEZ) is without doubt one of the most envisioned areas for companies as it’s a geographical area that usually has liberal financial legal guidelines with respect to investing, taxation, buying and selling, quotas, and customs and labor laws. The items in SEZ are additionally privileged with particular tax holidays. It’s a particularly devoted duty-free space or zone and shall be deemed to be non-taxable international territory for the needs of commerce operations and duties and tariffs. These items contribute considerably to exports from India.
Nevertheless, because of the creation of Covid, there’s a main affect on exports. Indian exporters are dealing with world challenges and to mitigate the identical. Commerce and Trade Minister not too long ago reviewed to revamp the SEZ coverage in concurrence with the remaining suggestions of Baba Kalyani Committee. Just lately, ICRIER has additionally urged for cross border SEZs to ascertain commerce hyperlinks with neighboring international locations. And, as a way to convey them at par with the bottom tariffs imposed in India’s free commerce settlement companions, Delhi-based financial suppose tank has urged decreasing the obligation levied on items produced in SEZ items and offered outdoors these zones additionally known as as Home Tariff Space (DTA).
Thus, all these measures will entice many extra companies within the SEZ space. Additional, there’s a suggestion from ICRIER to permit subcontracting with none restrictions or cap at any stage thereby giving SEZ items the liberty to subcontract with export-oriented items outdoors the zone as effectively. Thus, the assorted measures will result in a soar within the transactions pertaining to SEZ each inside SEZ and between SEZ and DTA. Thus, it’s crucial that the taxation legal guidelines are unambiguous and unblemished associated to the provision of products and providers by or to SEZ.
Underneath the Items and Companies Tax Act, any provide made to the SEZ items or developer is handled as a Zero-rated provide giving the provider two choices for refund i.e. refund of taxes paid if opted for with cost of taxes or refund of unutilized credit score in-case opted for with out cost of taxes. Thus, there is no such thing as a tax incidence below GST on SEZ on their procurements (besides reverse cost). Nevertheless, the provider must file the refund software as per the laid down process below GST. There may be ambiguity within the regulation with respect to the provision on which refund shall be accessible.
Although there is no such thing as a particular restriction within the Act with respect to the provides on which refund shall be accessible, the foundations stipulate the restriction on refund in respect of solely approved operations. Guidelines are the bye-laws prescribed to hold the provisions of the Act and so they can not take away what was conferred by the Act or carve down its impact. Nevertheless, there have been a number of advance rulings side-stepping the final interpretations of the regulation. Thus, there’s a want for readability in regulation on this matter.
One other battle that’s unsettled is with respect to the endorsement required from the SEZ officer particularly within the invoice to ship to mannequin. It’s a quite common apply when the products are provided to a DTA on the instruction of SEZ. Thus, it’s a invoice to SEZ and ship to DTA. In such circumstances, it turns into troublesome to acquire the endorsement from the SEZ officer that the products have been admitted into the SEZ thus delaying the refund and typically rejection of the refund.
There are challenges in-case of the provision of products or providers by SEZ to DTA too. As per the provisions laid down below the GST Act, any provide of products or providers by SEZ unit to DTA shall be handled as an inter-state transaction chargeable to IGST. Additional, as per provisions laid down in SEZ Act, SEZ is a territory outdoors the customs territory of India and in-case of products provided by SEZ to DTA, the customized duties are leviable on such items when imported and as per the scheme of SEZ Act, the customized obligation is to be paid by the importer.
Nevertheless, the GST Act is silent and doesn’t specify who will bear the legal responsibility of IGST in such a case. Reference can solely be made to instruction no. 9 of Type GSTR-1 which states that provide by SEZ unit to DTA must be handled as an import in case items are acquired below the duvet of the invoice of entry. Nevertheless, there may be nonetheless an absence of readability with respect to the mentioned matter and the DTA shall be sure that the invoice of entry is obtained in order that there is no such thing as a disallowance of ITC by the GST authorities.
One other key challenge is with respect to the supply of reverse cost mechanism mandating SEZs to take the registration compulsorily thus casting the extra burden of compliance. Additional, as per the provisions of the GST Act, below the reverse cost mechanism the recipient has to discharge the tax legal responsibility as a substitute of the provider. Thus, SEZ shall discharge the tax legal responsibility on any providers attracting reverse cost below GST. And, the tax legal responsibility must be discharged in money and enter tax credit score is offered. Since there is no such thing as a tax on outward provide from SEZ to DTA, the mentioned enter tax credit score shall be collected.
Now the query arises whether or not SEZ unit can declare the refund of this collected credit score or not preserving into consideration that reverse cost mechanism places the recipient into the sneakers of the provider which means thereby GST legal guidelines relevant to the recipient will apply as if he’s liable to pay the tax. As mentioned above, any provide to SEZ by DTA are handled as zero-rated provides. And, as per the provisions of GST, the refund is offered to the individual making the zero-rated provide. Right here, the provision has been made by DTA whereas the obligation has been discharged by SEZ. Thus, there may be an ambiguity that whether or not the refund might be claimed for the collected enter tax credit score on account of providers acquired on which reverse cost is relevant.
SEZs play a significant position within the progress of financial system of our nation. And, to facilitate the convenience of enterprise for them within the current difficult world state of affairs, the Authorities is contemplating numerous measures like permitting manufacturing enabling providers corporations in SEZ space, establishing cross border particular financial zones. removing of restrictions on subcontracting by SEZ to DTA. Thus, it’s crucial that the taxation legal guidelines are clear with respect to every transaction pertaining to SEZs and the refund course of is strong in order that the very function to attain the final word objective to propel India right into a progress trajectory shouldn’t be defeated.
Rajat Mohan is Senior Accomplice at AMRG & Associates. Views expressed are the writer’s private.